Hello dear friends, in this lesson, we will explain in detail the question sentences in German, namely W-Fragen, which is one of the subjects you will need the most while learning German. It may be a little difficult when you first learn it, but with regular repetition and practice, you can learn this subject completely and use it easily in your daily life, let’s get started.
W-Quastions in German
These question patterns are as follows;
+ Interrogative sentences used for place in German
✔️Wo? / Where?
✔️Woher? / From where?
✔️Wohin? / To where?
+ Interrogative sentences used in certain or indefinite situations in German
✔️Was? / What?
✔️Welche? / Which?
✔️Worauf? / What?
✔️Worüber? / About what?
✔️ Womit? / With what?
+ Interrogative sentences used to indicate personal names in German
✔️Wait? / Who?
✔️Wem? / To who?
✔️Wen? / Who?
✔️Wessen? / Who’s?
+ Interrogative sentences used for reason in German
✔️Warm? / Why?
✔️Wieso? For what reason?
✔️Weshalb? / Why?
+ Interrogative sentences used for time in German
✔️Wann? / When?
✔️ Um wie viel Uhr..? / At what time?
✔️ Wie oft? / How often?
+ Interrogative sentences used for quantity in German
✔️Wie viel? / How much?
✔️Was costet? / How much?
When we ask questions with W-Fragen;
W-Frage + Verb + Subject + Complementary + ?
Examples of Sentence Structures with Question Words in German:
-Wer ist diese Kinder?
Who is this kid?
-Wen kennen Sie?
Who do you know?
-Wem hast du geholfen?
Who did you help?
-Wessen Auto ist das?
Whose car is this?
-Was bedeutet dieses Wort?
What is the meaning of this word?
-Was hast du heute gemacht?
What did you do today?
-Wo wohnen Sie?
Where do you live?
-Wohin gehst du?
Where are you going?
-Woher kommen Sie?
Where do you come from?
-Wie kommst du auf diese Idee?
How did you come to this conclusion?
-Wann fahrst du nach Izmir?
When are you going to Izmir?
-Warum wartest du hier?
Why are you waiting here?
-Wie viele Teppiche haben wir heute verkauft?
How many carpets did we sell today?
-Wie viel kostet diese Jake?
How much does this jacket cost?
-Worauf wartest du?
What are you waiting for?
Interrogative Pronouns in German
In German, the interrogative pronouns “wer, wen, wem and wessen” are used for persons, while “was” is used for animals, objects and events.
The table below shows the formation of interrogative pronouns depending on the situation in which they are used:
|Dativ(e-)||Wemto whom||to whom|
After wer, which means “who”, a verb must be used in the second place. In which way the verb in the sentence will be conjugated is determined by looking at one or more of the person in question.
-Wer bist du?
Who are you?
-Wer sind diese Herren?
Who are these gentlemen?
-Wer sind daz?
Who are they?
While answering the question, singular or plural answers are given according to the number of people:
Question: Wer lacht?
Who is laughing?
Answer: Dieses Kind lacht.
This boy is laughing.
+Die Kinder lachen.
These kids are laughing.
This question word translated into Turkish as “Kim” is the -i form of the personal pronoun wer (who).
-Wen besucht Herr Müller?
Who is Mr. Müller visiting?
Question: Wen operiert der Arzt?
Who is the doctor operating on?
Answer: Kranken from Der Arzt operiert.
The doctor is operating on the patient.
+Der Arzt operiert die Kranken.
The doctor is operating on patients.
This question word translated into Turkish as “to whom” is the -e form of the personal pronoun wer (who).
-Wem hilft die Kinder?
Who are the children helping?
Question: Wem schenkst du diese Blumen ?
Who are you giving the gifts to?
Answer: Ich schenke sie meiner Tochter.
I’m giving them to my daughter.
Ich schenke sie meinen Töchtern.
I give it to my daughters.
This question word translated into Turkish as “who’s” is the form used in the -in form of the noun. A name must be said after the pronoun Wessen sou. Also, the article of this name is not said.
-Wessen Zelt ist das?
Whose tent is this?
Wessen Katze ist das?
Whose cat is this?
✔️Wen, wem, wessen interrogative pronouns can also be prepositions. In such cases, wen is preceded by Akkusativ, wem by Dativ, and wessen by Genitiv. Buddha is one of the most frequently used fortification structures in Alamanca.
+für wessen Freund?
for whose friend?
+mit wessen Freund?
with whose friend?
✔️Was interrogative pronoun can also be used with prepositions. Question words consisting of the combination of the question name Wo and the preposition are also widely used in daily life:
-mit was womit
-über was worüber
This interrogative pronoun, which means which, which, what, asks for a specific person or object of a group of people or objects. For this reason, it is inflected according to the article of the noun that comes after them (welcher if it says article, welche if die, welches if das).
- -Welcher Student ist fleißig?
Which student is hardworking?
- Welche Studenten wollen Deutsch lernen?
Which students want to learn German?
- Welches Auto is gehört?
Which car belongs to you?
In this lesson, we tried to explain the German W-Fragen subject as much as we could. If you have a question in your mind, you can search for an answer by commenting.