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Yes-No Questions in German (Ja-Nein Fragen)

Hello dear friends, in this lesson, we will explain in detail the subject of Ja-Nein Fragen in German, which is one of the subjects you will need the most while learning German. It may be a little difficult when you first learn it, but with regular repetition and practice, you can learn this subject completely and use it easily in your daily life, let’s get started.

 

It is easy to make yes-no questions in German and is the most frequently used question pattern in daily life. A question sentence is formed by starting the sentence directly with the verb. These questions are called yes-no questions because the answer is yes or no.

Elements in sentence construction;

Verb  +   Subject  +  Object/Noun  + ?

You can better understand the Yes-No questions with the following example;

-Du isst die Banane.

You are eating a banana.

-Ist du die Banane?

Do you eat banana?

Examples:

Question:  Wohnst du in Deutschand? (Do you live in Germany?)

Answer: Ja, ich wohne in Deutschland. (Yes, I live in Germany.)

Nein, ich wohne nicht in Deutschland. (No, I don’t live in Germany.)

 

Question:  Gehen wir heute in die Schule? (Are we going to school today?)

Answer: Ja, wir gehen heute in die Schule. (Yes, we are going to school today.)

Nein, wir gehen heute nicht in die Schule (No, we’re not going to school today.)

 

As explained above, after asking the questions, we start the sentence with yes-no as an answer.

When answering in the negative, we add ‘nicht’ or ‘kein’ to the sentence. ‘Nicht’ always precedes verbs and adjectives and makes the meaning negative, but if what we want to do negatively is the noun, we always prefix ‘kein’ with the negative suffix.

Question: Ist das ein Buch? (Is this a book?)

Answer: Nein, das ist kein Buch. (No, this is not a book.)

 

Question: Ist das eine Brille? (Is this a glasses?)

Answer: Nein, das ist keine Brille. Das ist eine Sonnenbrille (No, not glasses. It’s sunglasses)

 

Daniel Müller

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